Peripheral blood lymphocytes from normal donors expressed spontaneous cytotoxic activity against human diffuse histiocytic lymphoma cell lines. In the unfractionated state, they could not be further sensitized in vitro against these cell lines. By applying cell separation techniques before culture, subpopulations of lymphocytes were obtained which could be sensitized in vitro and manifested cytotoxic activity against human histiocytic lymphoma cells. Three methods of separation were found effective: E rosette enrichment; elimination of Fc receptor positive cells; and removal of nylon wool adherent cells. Under these conditions, cross-reactive cytotoxicity was observed against non-neoplastic lymphoblastoid cell lines, but not against normal lymphocytes.