All the polypeptide fragments obtained by cyanogen bromide cleavage of the hemagglutinin from A/Memphis/102/72 influenza virus were examined for their ability to bind to IgG raised against purified virus. Within the hemagglutinin heavy chain the only fragment displaying antigenicity is HA1CN1, which comprises the amino-terminal 168 amino acid residues. By the use of a sensitive radioimmunoassay in which the antigen is unlabeled, it was shown that the light chain is also antigenic. Inhibition studies have localized the activity to the HA2CN1 region, which comprises the carboxy-terminal 90 amino acids. The determinant on HA2 is shown to be subtype specific.
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