We describe the properties of two Ly-1+2- T cell clones (Ly-1.14 and Ly-1.21), which are maintained in long-term culture in the absence of other cell types. The clones require media containing a source of interleukin 1 as well as interleukin 2. They retain physiologic responses to interleukin 1, which is required for optimal production of T cell lymphokines by these clones in response to concanavalin A (Con A). The two Ly-1+2- T cell clones differ in their production of lymphokines after stimulation by Con A. The supernatant of clone Ly-1.21 promotes the proliferation of T cells maintained in long-term culture, induces antibody synthesis in cultures of B cells and antigen, and induces the differentiation of cytolytic cells in cultures of thymocytes and antigen; these assays define the properties of T cell growth factor (TCGF), T cell-replacing factor for B cells (TRF-B), and T cell-replacing factor for cytolytic cells (TRF-C), respectively. In contrast, the supernatant of clone Ly-1.14 contains only TCGF activity and does not promote antibody synthesis by B cells or differentiation of cytolytic cells from thymocytes. The results indicates that TCGF and TRF activities reside on independent, although perhaps related, molecules.

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