We have previously demonstrated the relationship between antigens on BALB/c methylcholanthrene (MC)-induced fibrosarcomas and T cell regulatory molecules by using a variety of antisera raised to these sarcomas in BALB/c and BALB/c X C57BL/6 (CB6F1) mice. One such pool of antiserum, a CB6F1 anti-CMS 4 (Pool XIV) serum, was used to investigate the nature of the T cell regulatory structures recognized by these antibodies. Pool XIV antiserum was capable of blocking the induction of feedback suppression by Ly-1 TsiF, an SRBC-specific suppressor T cell factor secreted by Ly-1+, 2- I-J+ T cells. Ly-1 TsiF induces suppression by interacting with an Ly-1+,2+ I-J+ T cell target. Successful interaction of Ly-1 TsiF with its target cell requires genetic homology between inducer and target cells at the variable region of the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene complex (Igh-V). The addition of Pool XIV antiserum to primary in vitro anti-SRBC cultures resulted in blocking the ability of Ly-1 TsiF from Igha (BALB/c) and Ighj (CBA/J) mice to induce suppression on syngeneic cells, whereas suppression induced by Ly-1 TsiF in Ighb (B6), Ighc (DBA/2), Ighd (A/J), and Ighe (AKR) mice are unaffected by addition of the Pool XIV antiserum. The ability of Pool XIV antiserum to block Ly-1 TsiF activity is linked to the Igh region, because Pool XIV antiserum can block Ly-1 TsiF from BALB/c (H-2d, Igha) and the Igh congenic B.C9 (H-2b, Igha) while not affecting Ly-1 TsiF activity on B6 (H-2b, Ighb) or its Igh congenic C.B20 (H-2d, Ighb). In CB6F1 animals, Pool XIV antiserum could block the ability of CB6F1 Ly-1 TsiF to suppress BALB/c spleen cells but not B6 spleen cells. Conversely, Pool XIV antiserum could block the ability of BALB/c Ly-1 TsiF to suppress CB6F1 spleen cells, whereas B6 Ly-1 TsiF showed normal suppressive activity in the presence of Pool XIV antiserum. In contrast, Pool XIV was capable of blocking the ability of Ly-1 TsiF from BALB/c into CB6F1 bone marrow chimeras (BMC) to suppress both BALB/c and B6 mice, whereas the activity of Ly-1 TsiF from B6 into CB6F1 BMC on BALB/c or B6 spleen cells was unaffected by the addition of Pool XIV antiserum. We then investigated the molecular nature of the molecule recognized by Pool XIV antiserum on the Ly-1 TsiF.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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