To explore the role of the T3, T4, and LFA-1 molecules in high and low "avidity" interactions between SB2-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones and their targets, monoclonal antibody-mediated inhibition of cytotoxicity has been studied in experiments that vary the "avidity" of interaction in three different ways. 1) Previous results have been extended with respect to different CTL clones assayed on the same SB2-positive target cells. Differences between clones in susceptibility to anti-T3 inhibition paralleled variations in anti-T4 inhibition, and both correlated inversely with the "avidity" of the effector-target interaction (inferred previously from studies of conjugate dissociation). 2) A high "avidity" clone, 8.4, was identified that lysed not only SB2-positive cells but also cross-reacted on a few SB2-negative cells. Cold target inhibition studies confirmed the cross-reaction, and together with conjugate dissociation studies, indicated that cross-reaction to be of lower "avidity" than the specific recognition of SB2. Cross-reactive lysis was much more susceptible to inhibition by anti-T3 and anti-T4 than was specific lysis. 3) Anti-T3 and anti-T4 blocking was analyzed in the presence of anti-Ia antibody to reduce the amount of Ia antigen available on the target. Anti-T3 and anti-T4 antibody blocking was more efficient after the addition of anti-Ia antibody concentrations that (by themselves) produced minimal inhibition of lysis. As a control, anti-LFA-1 antibody blocking was analyzed in each of these three experimental systems that compare interactions of different "avidity"; minimal variation was observed in the efficiency of inhibition by anti-LFA-1. Thus, anti-T3 and anti-T4 inhibition correlates inversely with the "avidity" of that CTL-target interaction, but anti-LFA-1 inhibition does not.