A patient and his parents, deficient for lymphocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and Mo1 (OKM1), were studied with respect to leukocyte surface marker expression and functional properties. The patient had a history of severe recurrent bacterial infections. Two siblings had already died of bacterial infections. The patient's granulocytes, monocytes, and lymphocytes expressed low but detectable amounts (less than or equal to 10%) of LFA-1 and Mo1. Intracellularly, LFA-1 and Mo1 (OKM1) were detectable and LFA-1 expression was enhanced on patient T cells stimulated with phytohemagglutinin. Granulocytes and monocytes of both the patient's parents expressed markedly decreased amounts of LFA-1 and Mo1. Lymphocytes of the mother expressed 40 to 60% of the amount of LFA-1 expressed on control lymphocytes, but his father's lymphocytes showed a normal LFA-1 expression. Granulocytes of the patient and of his deceased sister showed normal phagocytosis, but they had a dysfunction in the activation of the oxidative metabolism. Functional activities mediated by patient T cells were all normal. Moreover, all lymphocyte functions, including killer (K), natural killer (NK), cytotoxic T cell activity, helper activity for in vitro immunoglobulin (Ig) production by normal B cells, and PHA-induced proliferation were inhibitable by anti-LFA-1 monoclonal antibodies. K and NK activity mediated by patient leukocytes was 100-fold more sensitive to the inhibiting effect of anti-LFA-1 antibody than K and NK activity of normal donor leukocytes. Thus, although the amount of LFA-1 expressed was strongly reduced, it was still sufficient and required for the functional activity exhibited by patient T cells. The major functional defect observed with leukocytes of the patient and his father was an apparent B cell defect. B cells of the father and of the patient failed to produce Ig in the pokeweed mitogen (PWM)-driven system. The B cells of patient and of his father only produced Ig when cultured with T cells of the father, and not with normal donor T cells or T cells of the mother, in the presence of exogenous interleukin 2 (IL 2). In addition, the father's B cells produced Ig when cocultivated with patient T cells in the IL 2-driven system. This restriction of helper T cell activity is noteworthy because PWM- and IL 2-driven Ig synthesis by normal lymphocytes show no histocompatibility requirements between cooperating T and non-T cell populations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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