The in vitro immunosuppressive ability of a monoclonal IgG2b-anti-trinitrophenyl antibody lacking carbohydrate chains (GORK-Tm) has been compared with the immunosuppressive ability of the intact antibody (GORK). The carbohydrate depletion of GORK-Tm was achieved by culturing the GORK hybridoma cells in media containing tunicamycin, an inhibitor of glycosylation. Both antibodies have been shown to have the same antigen and protein A-binding capacity, although GORK-Tm is deficient in complement fixation, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, binding to Fc receptors on macrophages, and rapid elimination of antigen-antibody complexes from the circulation. It is shown in these studies that although GORK antibodies are efficient immunosuppressors, suppressing up to 95% of the plaque-forming cell response, GORK-Tm antibody preparations with identical hemagglutinating and antigen-binding capacity are highly deficient in suppressing the immune response. These findings are of interest in two ways. First, it shows that the carbohydrate chains are of great importance for the immunosuppressive effects of IgG. Secondly, it also shows that the isotype IgG2b, in addition to all other murine isotypes, can efficiently suppress the humoral immune response.

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