Mouse peritoneal macrophages were activated to become cytotoxic against B16-BL6 melanoma cells by the combination of subthreshold amounts of murine interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma; 0.1 to 10 U/ml) and N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutamine (MDP; 0.001 to 10 micrograms/ml), but not by the combination of pH 2-treated IFN-gamma and MDP, heat-treated IFN-gamma and MDP, or IFN-gamma and the inactive stereoisomer of MDP, N-acetyl-muramyl-D-alanyl-D-isoglutamine (MDP-D). The encapsulation of intact IFN-gamma and MDP within the same liposome preparation was synergistic for macrophage activation. In contrast, the presentation of identical concentrations of IFN-gamma and MDP in separate liposome preparations did not activate macrophages. These data allow us to conclude that the encapsulation of genetically engineered IFN-gamma and synthetically produced MDP within the same liposome is highly efficient in producing synergistic activation of tumoricidal properties in mouse macrophages.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.