The chemical and antigenic composition of a major group of concanavalin A-binding glycoprotein antigens of Schistosoma mansoni eggs was examined by the use of monoclonal antibodies. The individual glycoproteins of this group each displayed a very wide range of apparent m.w. and had isoelectric points of less than 5 when analyzed by two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. These glycoproteins could be chemically labeled with 125Iodine by two different methods and biosynthetically labeled with 35S-methionine during in vitro synthesis by isolated eggs. By using five monoclonal antibodies, the individual egg glycoproteins were shown to share several antigenic determinants when analyzed by radioimmunoprecipitation and solid-phase binding assays. These epitopes were present in a high level, and the degree of expression appeared to be developmentally regulated. In addition, Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma japonicum eggs contained antigenically related glycoprotein antigens. Preliminary evidence suggests that the epitopes involve carbohydrate moieties.