Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from normal volunteers possess natural anti-bacterial (NA) activity against S. typhi that can be measured in a 2-hr in vitro assay. Employing fractionation on nylon wool columns, Percoll gradients, plastic adherence, and E rosetting, the effector cell of NA activity appeared to be a lymphocyte of the T lineage rather than a macrophage, a B lymphocyte, or a large granular cell. Moreover, complement-dependent killing with monoclonal antibodies such as OKM1, OKB7, OKT8, 5.9 and the anti-natural killer cells AB8.28 did not reduce NA activity. On the contrary, this was completely inhibited when OKT3, OKT11, or OKT4 antibodies and complement were used to pretreat the effector lymphocytes. Indeed, T4+ cells sorted with a FACS displayed an extremely high NA activity against S. typhi. By pretreatment of peripheral lymphocytes with F(ab')2 fragments against human IgA, the NA activity was blocked. It is therefore suggested that NA activity by human cells might be a mechanism of defense against infections, acting as antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity expressed by T4+ lymphocytes coated with preexisting anti-Salmonella IgA antibodies.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.