A fusion of human lymphocytes released from regional lymph nodes of papillary adenocarcinoma of lung cancer with mouse myeloma P3-X63-Ag8-U1 cells resulted in a stable hybridoma-secreting human IgM antibody (NCC-1004) that reacts with a large proportion of squamous cell carcinomas of lung and esophagus as well as carcinoma of thyroid glands. However, the antibody also reacts with normal red blood cells, B lymphocytes, and a few other limited loci in normal tissues such as the basal cells of bronchial epithelium and the basal cell layer of stratified squamous epithelium, as well as endothelium and alveolar lining epithelium. The antigen defined by NCC-1004 has been characterized as blood group i antigen on the basis of the following results. The antibody preferentially agglutinates cord erythrocytes in contrast to adult erythrocytes. The agglutination was obvious at 4 degrees C, but diminished greatly at 37 degrees C, and was enhanced after sialidase treatment. The antibody specifically reacts with lacto-norhexaosylceramide (nLc6) and sialosyllacto-norhexaosylceramide (IV3NeuAcnLc6), but does not react with lacto-neotetraosylceramide (nLc4), sialosyllacto-neotetraosylceramide (IV3NeuAcnLc4), lacto-isooctaosylceramide (IV6Gal beta 1----4GlcNAcnLc6; I antigen), and other standard glycolipids so far tested. The properties of the antibody and its antigen are identical to those previously described for the i blood group system. Inasmuch as the hybridoma was established by hybridization of lymphocytes derived from regional lymph nodes of lung cancer, and the antigen was found in the patient's lung cancer tissue, the i antigen in lung cancer is probably recognized as a tumor-associated antigen by the host's immune cell system.

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