The roles of Class II-restricted L3T4+ T cells and of accessory cells (AC) during the in vitro generation of Class I-restricted Lyt-2+ cytotoxic T cells (CTL) specific for a Class II-negative syngeneic tumor cell line, FBL, was examined. Treatment of responder FBL-immune spleen cells with alpha L3T4 plus complement before culture, as well as the direct addition of alpha L3T4 to cultures, diminished the generation of FBL-specific CTL. The contribution of L3T4+ cells could be completely replaced by the addition of exogenous cytokines. The data demonstrate that the optimal generation of FBL-specific Lyt-2+ CTL requires the presence of L3T4+ cells, presumably to provide necessary lymphokines. FBL-specific CTL could not be generated from purified FBL-immune T cells in the absence of AC. Syngeneic Ia+ macrophages (M phi), added at the initiation of culture, restored the response of purified T cells. Pretreatment of M phi with ammonium chloride or chloroquine, or the addition of monoclonal alpha I-Ab antibody at the initiation of culture, inhibited the ability of M phi to reconstitute the CTL response. Finally, the addition of exogenous helper factors could replace M phi and reconstitute the FBL-specific response of AC-depleted immune T cells. These results suggest that during the generation of Lyt-2+ CTL to a syngeneic tumor expressing only Class I MHC antigens, Ia+ AC are required to biochemically process antigen released from the tumor cells and present this modified antigen to Class II-restricted T helper cells.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.