Immunization of mice with ABA coupled to carriers to which they are nonresponders gives rise to ABA-specific proliferative responses in lymph node cells. When C3H/HeN and CBA/J nonresponder mice are immunized with ABA on (T,G)-A-L (an I-A-restricted carrier in responder mice), the responses to ABA-tyr and ABA coupled to a variety of unrelated carriers are solely I-A restricted as determined by inhibition with anti-IA and anti-I-E sera. When ABA on GLT (an I-E-restricted carrier in responder mice) is used for immunization, the responses are both I-A and I-E restricted. Thus, ABA-specific responses in nonresponder mice appear in part to be restricted by the carrier used for immunization. B10.S mice, lacking functional I-E molecules, channel their ABA-specific responses entirely through I-A when immunized with ABA-GLT. These results support the hypothesis that the failure in nonresponders lies in a functional deficit in the T cell repertoire rather than an inability of accessory cells to present antigen.