Glycosylation inhibiting factor (GIF) was purified from culture filtrates of a T cell hybridoma, 23A4, by affinity chromatography on anti-lipomodulin Sepharose. The factor exhibited phospholipase inhibitory activity upon dephosphorylation. Immunization of BDF1 mice with aluminum hydroxide gel (alum)-absorbed dinitrophenyl derivatives of ovalbumin (DNP-OA) resulted in persistent IgE and IgG antibody formation. However, repeated injections of the affinity-purified GIF into the DNP-OA-primed mice beginning on the day of priming prevented the primary anti-hapten antibody responses of both the IgE and the IgG1 isotypes. Treatment with GIF also diminished on-going IgE antibody formation in the DNP-OA-primed mice. The treatment changed the nature of IgE-binding factors formed by BDF1 spleen cells. Incubation of spleen cells from OA + alum-primed mice with OA resulted in the formation of IgE-potentiating factor, whereas spleen cells of OA-primed, GIF-treated mice formed IgE-suppressive factor upon antigenic stimulation. It was also found that Lyt-2+ T cells in the OA-primed, GIF-treated mouse spleen cells released GIF, which had affinity for OA and bore I-Jb determinant(s). Transfer of a Lyt-1+ cell-depleted fraction of the OA-primed, GIF-treated mouse spleen cells into naive syngeneic animals resulted in suppression of the primary anti-DNP IgE antibody response of the recipients to alum-absorbed DNP-OA, but failed to affect the anti-DNP antibody response to DNP-keyhole limpet hemocyanin. The results indicate that GIF treatment during the primary response to OA facilitated the generation of antigen-specific suppressor T cells.