Two different kinds of alloreactive T cell hybridomas were established in previous experiments. One is reactive and the other is nonreactive to allogeneic I-A region-associated membrane antigen (mIa) on B cells. In the present experiments the difference between these hybridomas were analyzed by using representative clones, B cell mIa-reactive clone CB-11.4, and nonreactive clone HTB-9.3. Unresponsiveness of HTB-9.3 clone to allogeneic B cells could not be due to the inability of B cells in interleukin 1 production or the density of mIa molecules on B cells. HTB-9.3 clone could respond to C57BL/6 mouse B cells treated with neuraminidase (Nase), and Nase-treated HTB-9.3 clone could respond to normal B cells from C57BL/6 mouse, indicating that sialic acid on both B cells and HTB-9.3 clone plays a regulatory role in the alloreactivity of the clone. In response to B cells from C57BL/6 mouse, T cells from C3H/He mouse spleen showed similar reactivity to HTB-9.3 clone; that is, T cells could respond to Nase-treated B cells, and Nase-treated T cells to B cells, and T cells primed with C57BL/6 spleen cells in vitro showed similar reactivity to CB-11.4 clone. These results suggest that HTB-9.3 clone represents virgin T cells and CB-11.4 clone-primed T cells at least in alloreactivity. Anti-L3T4a was shown to block alloreactivities of both T cell hybridomas and splenic T cells against B cells more efficiently than against splenic adherent cells. These results suggest that L3T4a on T cell plays more important role in allogeneic response to B cells than to splenic adherent cells.

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