Two sets of seemingly contradictory evidence have been reported concerning the effects of tumor cell products on the regulation of monocyte migration in vitro and presumably the extravasation of macrophages into tumors in vivo. The present study was designed to explore the relationship between chemotactic and anti-chemotactic products related to tumor cells: a tumor-derived chemotactic factor (TDCF) and retroviral P15E-related inhibitor(s) of chemotaxis. Culture supernatants of the human 8387 sarcoma and SW626 ovarian carcinoma were depleted of P15E-related antigens with immobilized anti-P15E monoclonal antibodies. This treatment produced a significant and consistent increase of the polarizing and chemotactic activity in the tumor cell supernatants. The material eluted from Sepharose-bound anti-P15E antibodies was devoid of chemotactic and polarizing activity and suppressed the polarization and migration of monocytes in response to chemoattractants. These results demonstrate the coexistence in culture supernatants of two human tumor cell lines of factors with opposite influences on monocyte chemotaxis. The data suggest that the entry of monocytes into neoplastic tissue may be regulated by the interplay of chemotactic and anti-chemotactic principals produced by tumor cells.

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