We report the cytosolic free calcium, [Ca2+]i, responses of single murine B lymphocytes to whole and F(ab')2 fragments of anti-Ig measured in the flow cytometer with indo-1, a new fluorescent chelator of calcium. The principle advantages of this recording system are these: Indo-1 is highly fluorescent; hence, loading concentrations that introduce artifacts in the reported [Ca2+]i signal may be avoided. The measurement of [Ca2+]i by fluorescence ratio corrects for nonuniform dye uptake, making possible quantitative estimates of [Ca2+]i in single cells and an assessment of the variability of population responses. Baseline recordings of unstimulated lymphocytes indicated a narrow, stable range of [Ca2+]i (75 to 125 nM). The [Ca2+]i rise induced by various anti-Ig preparations exhibited considerable heterogeneity. The initial mean value for F(ab')2 anti-Ig-stimulated cells peaked above 1 microM and was due only to the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. A steady state elevation of [Ca2+]i was reached by 5 min and persisted for hours. Cells stimulated with intact anti-Ig reached similar initial peak [Ca2+]i values, but then declined toward baseline. This difference was due to membrane Ig-IgG Fc receptor (mIg-Fc gamma R) cross-linkage, because blocking the Fc gamma R with a monoclonal antibody made the [Ca2+]i responses to F(ab')2 and intact anti-Ig identical. The attenuation of the [Ca2+]i signal by mIg-Fc gamma R cross-linkage is proceeded by a corresponding Fc gamma-mediated reduction in anti-Ig-induced inositol trisphosphate elevation. These findings outline a biochemical basis for mIg- and Fc gamma R-mediated activation and regulation intrinsic to the B cell, and demonstrate the advantages of indo-1 over quin2 for fluorescent measurement of [Ca2+]i in small cells.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.