Mouse monoclonal antibody 2H7 recognizes the CD20 cell surface phosphoprotein that is expressed in normal as well as malignant B cells. CD20 may be a useful target for therapy of B cell lymphomas, since damaged normal B cells can be replaced by their antigen-negative precursors. Monoclonal antibody 2H7 is an IgG2b (kappa) immunoglobulin which cannot mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity with human lymphocytes or complement-dependent cytotoxicity with human serum. We have now generated a chimeric 2H7 antibody by substituting the mouse constant domains of 2H7 with the human gamma 1 and kappa domains. This new antibody has the same binding specificities as 2H7 but is highly effective in mediating antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity with human effector cells and complement-dependent cytotoxicity with human complement.