Class I major histocompatibility antigens are known to restrict the cytotoxic activity of T lymphocytes. However, experiments using monoclonal antibodies against class I antigens showed that these antigens also play some role in the regulation of T cell activation. Three monoclonal antibodies, namely W6/32 (anti-class I HLA-A, B, C, antigens), 4E (anti-class I HLA-B antigens), and BBM.1 (anti-beta 2-microglobulin) significantly suppressed the phytohemagglutinin-induced T cell proliferation. The inhibitory effect of anti-class I antibody was found to depend on the presence of monocyte/macrophage-type adherent cells. In the presence of antibody, adherent cells released a factor that suppressed T cell proliferation. These results suggest that HLA class I antigens on Mo1+ monocyte/macrophage cells function like ligand-receptor molecules, and regulate the secretion of suppressor factor(s).

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.