IL-1 and TNF induced concentration-related increases in the synthesis of factor B, C3, and IFN-beta 2/IL-6 in human skin fibroblasts. Effects of both stimuli were apparent with concentrations as low as 0.1 ng/ml and maximal responses were observed between 1 and 10 ng/ml; only for IL-1 induction of IFN-beta 2/IL-6 was there a further increase in response up to 100 ng/ml. For factor B and C3, maximal increases induced by IL-1 and TNF were similar: 119- and 109-fold for factor B and 15-fold and 11-fold for C3, respectively. Although both IL-1 and TNF increase synthesis of factor B and C3 in hepatocytes, the increases observed in fibroblasts were approximately 50- and 8-fold more for factor B and C3, respectively. Neither protein synthesis nor mRNA for IFN-beta 2/IL-6 was present in HepG2 cells either before or after stimulation with IL-1 or TNF. In contrast to the similarities between the effects of IL-1 and TNF on synthesis of factor B, C3, and IFN-beta 2/IL-6, only TNF increased synthesis of factor H. Because TNF induces membrane IL-1 in fibroblasts, it is possible to speculate that the effects of TNF on fibroblasts are due to induction of IL-1. An autocrine action of TNF through IL-1 is possible for TNF-induced synthesis of IFN-beta 2/IL-6, but the effects of TNF on synthesis of factor B, C3, and factor H indicated that TNF has effects on fibroblasts separate from IL-1. The effects of IL-1 and TNF on the synthesis of factor B and C3 in fibroblasts may be a part of an acute phase response occurring at a local level. However, the large responses in synthesis of factor B and C3 to IL-1 and TNF may suggest that factor B and C3 have a role, as yet undescribed, in tissues in addition to the role these proteins are known to play in inflammation.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.