Studies were undertaken to determine a possible structural relationship between the secretory component (SC) and the receptor for IgA (Fc alpha R). An IgA-mediated rosetting technique was used to assess the presence of Fc alpha R+ cells in various lymphoid tissues from normal BALB/c mice and mice bearing an IgA plasmacytoma (MOPC 315). Tissues from the MOPC 315-bearing BALB/c mice were found to have a significantly higher percentage of Fc alpha R+ cells; thus, nonadherent spleen cells from MOPC 315-bearing mice were used as a source of Fc alpha R+ cells in these studies. The cells were preincubated with anti-SC and then assayed for the ability of IgA to bind to the Fc alpha R. Antisera to SC from various species inhibited the formation of IgA-mediated rosettes, although preincubation of the Fc alpha R+ cells with antisera directed against other cell surface molecules (e.g., Thy1.2, Lyt1, Lyt2, Fc gamma R, MHC class I and II) or preimmune sera had no significant effect on IgA-mediated rosette formation. Preabsorption of the anti-SC with secretory IgA or with free SC removed the inhibitory effect; preabsorption with myeloma IgA had no effect. These data suggest that SC and Fc alpha R are related serologically and may be structurally related, possible in the IgA-binding region.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.