We have targeted CD4+ cytotoxic Th (Th/c) lymphocytes to a B cell lymphoma, through the use of a bispecific antibody containing binding sites for both the CD3 complex on the Th/c and the Id on the surface Ig of the B lymphoma (anti-CD3-anti-Id). Cloned, keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH)-specific Th/c cells were nonspecifically activated by the anti-CD3-anti-Id conjugate to lyse the Id+ B lymphoma A20-HL. This cytotoxicity was not inhibited by antibodies to CD4 or LFA-1 alpha molecules. The anti-CD3-anti-Id conjugates also induced non-lytic Th clones to become cytotoxic, a function not elicited when these cells were activated specifically by Ag. We compare this model to our previously described system where we targeted the KLH-specific Th/c cells to the Id+ B lymphoma A20-HL via a conjugate consisting of KLH covalently linked to the anti-Id antibody (KLH-anti-Id). The mechanism involved processing and presentation of KLH by the A20-HL target. This Ag-specific cytotoxicity was MHC class II restricted and was inhibited by antibodies to the CD4 molecule. In both systems, activation of the Th/c cells resulted in bystander killing of tumor but not normal targets. These results may have important implications for the use of Th/c cells in tumor immunotherapy.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.