TCR-gamma delta+ CTL clones were generated from CD4-CD8- T cells that were stimulated twice with the cell line JY. Either IL-2 or IL-4 was used as growth factor. A number of TCR-gamma delta+ clones were found to lyse the stimulator cell line JY. Two of these clones secreted N alpha-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine thiobenzyl ester serine esterase activity after stimulation with JY cells. The cytotoxic activity of these two clones was blocked by a mAb specific for HLA-A2. Moreover, these two TCR-gamma delta+ clones selectively lysed human fibroblast line M1 and murine P815 cells transfected with DNA fragments encoding HLA-A2 but not those transfected with HLA-B7 encoding DNA, indicating that these clones recognize HLA-A2. Analysis of the recognition of HLA-A2 by using target cells transfected with mutated HLA-A2 encoding genes revealed that the nature of the amino acid at position 152 of the molecule is critical for recognition of the TCR-alpha beta+ as well as the TCR-gamma delta+ CTL clones since replacement of Val for Ala at that position resulted in abrogation of recognition of one TCR-gamma delta+ and one TCR-alpha beta+ clone and substitution of Val for Glu affected recognition of all clones. Substitution of Leu for Trp at position 156 abrogated recognition by one TCR-gamma delta+ and one TCR-alpha beta+ T cell clone, but recognition by the other clones was not changed. All clones were able to secrete IL-2, IFN-gamma, and GM-CSF but not IL-4 after activation.

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