Granulocyte (G)-CSF and granulocyte-macrophage (GM)-CSF enhance phagocyte survival and function and are produced by fibroblasts and endothelial cells after induction by inflammatory mediators such as IL-1. Our ability to detect G-CSF and GM-CSF activity in the conditioned medium of the human astroglial tumor cell line, U87MG, and molecularly clone the cDNA for G-CSF from a U87MG cDNA library raised the possibility that astroglial cells are capable of G-CSF and GM-CSF production within the central nervous system; if so, the production of these CSF by astroglial cells may be inducible by IL-1. We examined the effects of IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta on the production of G-CSF and GM-CSF by U87MG and U373MG, another astroglial tumor cell line that does not constitutively produce CSF. We demonstrate that both U87MG and U373MG can be induced to produce G-CSF and GM-CSF by exposure to IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta. This response, measured by accumulation of increased CSF mRNA, is rapid, sensitive and due to the enhanced stability of CSF message following IL-1 exposure. The implications of these findings to the immunopathogenesis of central nervous system infections are discussed.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.