Triggering of eosinophil secretory and cytotoxic functions by stimulation of the IgG and IgE FcR is thought to have major importance in the pathophysiology of tissue eosinophilia. We studied the ability of human rIL-4 to regulate this triggering event in human eosinophils. At doses ranging from 0.1 to 10 pg/ml, IL-4 suppressed eosinophil secretion of beta-glucuronidase and arylsulfatase by up to 65% after stimulation with IgG-coated Sepharose beads. This effect required prolonged preincubation (16 h) of eosinophils with IL-4; no effect was detected after 1 h preincubation. Enzyme secretion stimulated by IgE-coated beads was not affected. Further, IL-4 (after 16 h preincubation), suppressed eosinophil antibody-dependent killing of schistosomula (Schistosoma mansoni) targets by 24 to 39% in four experiments (p less than 0.05). Flow microfluorimetry analysis showed that IL-4 reduced the expression of IgG FcR, but not IgE FcR, suggesting that this mechanism underlies the suppression of IgG-mediated secretion. Taken collectively, these results demonstrate a mechanism for T lymphocyte suppression of IgG-stimulated eosinophil functions via IL-4.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.