Mouse monoclonal anti-Id antibodies were generated against a mouse mAb (Ab-1) preparation specific for SV40 large tumor Ag (T-Ag). Four monoclonal anti-Id preparations each inhibited the binding of the monoclonal anti-SV40 T-Ag Ab-1 preparation to SV40 T-Ag. These anti-Id preparations appeared to recognize similar idiotopes on the monoclonal anti-SV40 T-Ag Ab-1 based on competitive cross-inhibition studies. One of these anti-Id preparations, designated 57B, was examined further for its in vivo modulatory capacity in mice. This anti-Id induced an Ab-3 response in BALB/c mice that recognized SV40 T-Ag (Ag+) and expressed an Id that was shared by the monoclonal anti-SV40 T-Ag Ab-1 preparation (Id+). The Id expressed on the Ab-3 differed from the Id induced in BALB/c mice immunized with the nominal SV40 T-Ag. Furthermore, characterization of the humoral immune response induced by anti-Id immunization indicated that the Ab-3 also recognized different epitopes on SV40 T-Ag when compared to the anti-SV40 T-Ag Ab-1 preparation used to generate the anti-Id. These studies indicate that monoclonal anti-Id can be used to induce humoral immune responses to a viral encoded tumor-associated Ag in vivo with 1) and Id specificity that differs from that expressed on antibodies produced by immunization with the nominal Ag and 2) an epitope specificity distinct from the Ab-1 preparation used for the production of the anti-Id.

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