The contributions to allorecognition of polymorphic amino acids in the HLA-DR7 beta 1 chain were analyzed by using mutant DR7 beta 1 chains with single amino acid substitutions at position 4, 11, 13, 25, 30, 37, 57, 60, 67, 70, 71, 74, or 78. Transfectants expressing mutant DR7 molecules were used as stimulators for six DR7-alloreactive T cell clones. The majority of the substitutions had profound effects on the ability of the DR7 molecule to stimulate one or more T cell clones. Nine of the 13 substitutions completely abrogated recognition by at least one clone. The finding that each of the substitutions in the beta-strands in the floor of the peptide binding groove affected T cell allorecognition supports the model of allorecognition in which the complex of a self-peptide bound to a class II molecule is recognized by the TCR. Interestingly, the substitution at position 4, which is predicted to be located outside the peptide binding groove, decreased the ability of the DR7 molecule to stimulate some clones. Each of the DR7-alloreactive T cell clones had a unique reactivity pattern in response to the different mutant molecules, indicating that the TCR of each clone recognized the DR7 molecule differently. Surprisingly, many of the mutant DR7 molecules induced proliferation by one or more clones that was greater than 125% of the proliferation induced by the wild-type DR7 molecule. These data indicate that multiple polymorphic residues, predicted in the class II model to be located in both the beta-strands and alpha-helix of the DR7 beta 1 chain, contribute to allorecognition of the DR7 molecule.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.