Homologous restriction factor (HRF) has been shown to inhibit complement-mediated lysis in a species-restrictive manner. Human HRF is able to block lysis by human complement but not by complement from other species. HRF has also been found in the membrane of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. When this HRF is inserted into sheep erythrocyte membranes, it is able to protect the erythrocyte from LAK cell lysis. In this report, we show that while HRF can inhibit human complement but not rat complement-mediated hemolysis, it is able to inhibit LAK cell lysis by both human and rat LAK cells. HRF is therefore a more general protective protein than has been previously thought.

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