A human mAb (HmAb) termed F105 was obtained by fusion of antibody-producing EBV-transformed cells with the HMMA2.11TG/O cell line. F105 is an IgG1 kappa antibody that binds to the surfaces of cells infected with all HIV-1 strains tested: MN, RF, IIIB, and SF2, but not uninfected cells. The HmAb immunoprecipitates GP120 from all four strains. F105 does not react with denatured GP120 on Western blots, but does react with viral lysates and purified GP120 dotted onto nitrocellulose filter paper under nondenaturing conditions. rGP120 from SF2 and soluble rCD4 inhibit antibody binding to infected cells in a dose-dependent manner. F105 inhibits the binding of free, infectious virions to uninfected HT-H9 cells with 50% of maximal (100%) inhibition at approximately 1 microgram/ml. F105 inhibits infection of HT-H9 cells by 100 tissue culture infective dose 50% units of MN and IIIB strains with 50% inhibition at concentrations of HmAb readily achievable in man. It appears that the F105 HmAb reacts with a conformationally defined epitope on HIV-1/GP120 that is exposed on the free virion and is important for binding to the cell surface by the virion. The epitope, which is immunogenic in humans, appears to be within, or topographically near, the CD4-binding site. F105 and the F105 epitope are potentially useful in therapy and in the design of peptide or anti-Id based vaccines; monitoring of the expression of the Id may prove useful in evaluating immune responses in infected individuals or vaccinated volunteers.

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