We describe two independently derived human mAb, A6(H4C5) and 216, initially selected for their reactivity to the lipid A domain of bacterial LPS, which also react with the following Ag: the i Ag present on cord RBC, a ligand on human B lymphocytes, and to certain autoantigens, defining these mAb as polyreactive. Both mAb have specific affinity for a carbohydrate epitope consisting minimally of a disaccharide with an acyl substitution at the 2-carbon position. Structural examination of the diverse Ag recognized by the two antibodies reveals the presence of this carbohydrate structure required for antibody binding. A6(H4C5) and 216 are IgM in isotype, but differ in their L chain expression. Molecular analysis shows that both the mAb are encoded by a highly conserved VH4 gene, designated VH4-21. This gene encodes a number of autoantibodies, particularly cold agglutinins. Specific recognition of lipid A and of a carbohydrate epitope on B lymphocytes by the two human mAb suggests a dual function for the highly conserved VH4-21 gene in antibacterial response and in B cell development and regulation.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.