Targeting Ag to the Fc epsilon RII by Ag-specific IgE has been shown to be an efficient means of enhancing Ag presentation by B cells to Ag-specific T cells. To take advantage of the Fc epsilon RII as a targeting molecule and to investigate whether IgE was required for mediation of the enhanced stimulation, Ag was covalently coupled to anti-Fc epsilon RII by using heterobifunctional crosslinking reagents. These Ag-Ab conjugates were used with T cell lines specific for the Ags, OVA (BB6.5) or rabbit gamma-globulin (CDC35 and D1.6), and splenic B cells to examine both B cell and T cell proliferation in vitro. Significant presentation of Ag-anti-Fc epsilon RII conjugates was apparent at doses of Ag 1,000- to 10,000-fold lower than seen with unconjugated Ag alone. Ag presentation with the use of anti-Fc epsilon RII-Ag conjugates was as good as or better than conjugates with Ab to the adhesion molecule Pgp-1 or control Ab in T cell proliferation and better than those conjugates in B cell proliferation assays (10- to 100-fold). Anti-Fc epsilon RII-Ag conjugates were clearly more effectively presented than Ag-anti-Fc gamma RII conjugates (> 100-fold). Mouse Fc epsilon RII is presently known to be expressed on B cells and follicular dendritic cells and these in vitro results suggest that the conjugates would be useful tools for investigating the role of IgE-mediated B cell Ag presentation in vivo. BALB/c mice immunized with OVA-anti-Fc epsilon RII conjugates made a quite significant OVA-specific IgG1 response and a detectable IgE response. No detectable Ab was produced in response to OVA alone and a minimal response was seen when an isotype-matched control conjugate was used. Thus, the results indicate that Fc epsilon RII targeting is operative both in vivo and in vitro.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.