CD40/CD40 ligand interactions are required for the development of T cell-dependent Ab responses in vivo. The role of these cell surface molecules in contributing to T cell cytokine production and the development of effector populations other than B cells and T cells is, however, less well defined. We have examined the in vivo effects of blocking CD40/CD40 ligand interactions on the type 2 mucosal immune response that follows oral inoculation of mice with the nematode parasite, Heligmosomoides polygyrus. Administration of anti-gp39 (CD40L) mAb (MR1) blocked H. polygyrus-induced elevations in serum IgG1 levels and inhibited elevations in blood eosinophils and mucosal mast cells at day 14 after inoculation. Anti-gp39 mAb markedly inhibited B cell blastogenesis 8 days after H. polygyrus inoculation but did not inhibit elevations in B cell class II MHC expression. Maximal elevations in B7-2 expression required signaling through both CD40 and the IL-4R. Elevations in T cell cytokine gene expression and elevations in the number of IL-4-secreting cells were unaffected by treatment with anti-gp39 mAb, although IL-4 production was inhibited by anti-IL-4R mAb. These results suggest that CD40/CD40L interactions are not required to activate T cells to produce cytokines but are required for the activation and proliferation of other effector cells associated with the type 2 response.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.