IgE-mediated mast cell activation is a driving force in allergic disease in need of novel interventions. Statins, long used to lower serum cholesterol, have been shown in multiple large-cohort studies to reduce asthma severity. We previously found that statins inhibit IgE-induced mast cell function, but these effects varied widely among mouse strains and human donors, likely due to the upregulation of the statin target, 3-hydroxy-3-methylgutaryl-CoA reductase. Statin inhibition of mast cell function appeared to be mediated not by cholesterol reduction but by suppressing protein isoprenylation events that use cholesterol pathway intermediates. Therefore, we sought to circumvent statin resistance by targeting isoprenylation. Using genetic depletion of the isoprenylation enzymes farnesyltransferase and geranylgeranyl transferase 1 or their substrate K-Ras, we show a significant reduction in FcεRI-mediated degranulation and cytokine production. Furthermore, similar effects were observed with pharmacological inhibition with the dual farnesyltransferase and geranylgeranyl transferase 1 inhibitor FGTI-2734. Our data indicate that both transferases must be inhibited to reduce mast cell function and that K-Ras is a critical isoprenylation target. Importantly, FGTI-2734 was effective in vivo, suppressing mast cell–dependent anaphylaxis, allergic pulmonary inflammation, and airway hyperresponsiveness. Collectively, these findings suggest that K-Ras is among the isoprenylation substrates critical for FcεRI-induced mast cell function and reveal isoprenylation as a new means of targeting allergic disease.

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