The biochemical characteristics of immunoglobulin binding factor produced by activated cells (ATC) were investigated. For this purpose, supernatants of ATC were purified by affinity chromatography on insolubilized IgG and the eluted material was iodinated (125I), treated with mercaptoethanol; and run on SDS polyacrylamide gels. The radioactivity was found in two peaks corresponding to m.w. of 38,000 d and 18,000 d. This result extends and confirms our previous findings that IBF produced by ATC is identical of IBF produced by L-5178-Y internally labeled thymoma cells.
The effect of various pH, temperatures, and proteolytic and glycolytic enzymes on the binding properties of 3H-leucine-or H-fucose-labeled IBF to IgG and on the poly-acrylamide gel profiles was also studied. By all these criteria, IBF appeared to be a glycoprotein in which the presence of the 38,000 to 40,000 d chain is necessary for the binding to IgG.
In the attempt to study the relationships between IBF and I-region products, purified IBF produced by ATC was incubated with anti-Ia immunoadsorbent, and the eluted material was iodinated and run on gels. The 38,000 d and 18,000 d chains characteristic of IBF were found to be specifically retained on the relevant immunoadsorbent. These data favor the hypothesis that IBF bears or is associated with Ia determinants.
This work was supported by grants from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, the Délégation Générale à la Recherche Scientifique et Technique, and the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale.