Intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM)-1 and -3 coexist on T lymphocytes and are counter-receptors for the integrin LFA-1. Signaling through ICAM-3 stimulates a number of T cell functions and involves phosphorylation of Fyn, Lck, CD45, and other proteins. In contrast, this type of specific signaling event has not been described for signaling through ICAM-1. Here, tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular proteins was examined after cross-linking of ICAM-1. Tyrosine phosphorylation of the 34-kDa cdc2 protein kinase was induced transiently after stimulation of the leukemic T cell line, Molt-3, or peripheral blood T cells. Stimulation through ICAM-1 had no effect on constitutive presence of cdc2 or phosphorylation of cdc2 on threonine. cdc2 kinase activity was constitutive in peripheral blood T cells, and transient inhibition of kinase activity after ICAM-1 stimulation correlated kinetically with phosphorylation of cdc2 on tyrosine.