A transplantable, murine reticulum cell sarcoma is described which exhibits the cytologic, adherence, and phagocytic properties of macrophages. It forms specific rosettes with erythrocytes in the presence of the corresponding anti-serum. The ascites cells mediate antibody-dependent cellular immunity as assayed by release of radioactivity from 51Cr-labeled erythrocytes. The contribution of contaminating host cells in the cytotoxic reaction was ruled out by growing the tumor in F1 mice and removing the host cells by anti-H2 serum and complement. The tumor cells have receptors for IgG2a and IgG2b immunoglobulins. The availability of a pure population of effector cells in the immune system allows study of the biochemical processes pursuant to lysis of foreign cells.
This work was supported by the Ford Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, National Science Foundation Grant GB-37869 to Peter Ralph, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Grant AI-05875, and AI-00430 to Melvin Cohn.