A sequential culture technique for the in vitro induction and subsequent assay of T helper cells is employed to examine the histocompatibility requirements for antigen recognition by murine T helper cells. F1 T cells are primed in vitro with antigen-pulsed parental strain macrophages and tested for antigen-specific helper activity in cultures containing anti-Thy 1.2 serum and C treated spleen cells from hapten-primed parental or F1 mice. A semiallogeneic system is used and appropriate controls are included to avoid possible complicating effects of allogeneic interactions. The results indicate that F1 T helper cells preferentially stimulate carrier-specific anti-hapten plaque-forming cell responses in spleen cells which are H-2 identical with the macrophage used initially to prime the T cells. Parental spleen cell cultures do not respond to F1 T helper cells which were primed with the other parental strain macrophage. Supplementing this culture with macrophages which are histocompatible with those used to prime the F1 T cells is sufficient to restore T helper cell activity. Thus, the genetic restriction described here is between the primed T cell and the macrophage used to elicit secondary responses and not between the T cell and B cell. The results in this semiallogeneic system, however, do not rule out the possibility of additional allogeneic genetic restrictions in the subsequent interaction of T cells with B cells.