Mouse leukocytes were studied for membrane receptors for the third C component by rosette formation with C coated erythrocytes (EAC). Methods were devised for the preparation of EAC complexes containing either mouse C3b or mouse C3d. EAC 1-3dmo were prepared from EA treated with whole mouse serum while EAC 1-3bmo were produced from EAC 142hu treated with whole mouse serum containing sodium suramin. The specificity of the EAC complexes for mouse leukocytes was confirmed by inhibition experiments using fluid phase human C3d. Low concentrations of fluid phase human C3d inhibited EAC1-3dmo rosettes but failed to inhibit EAC 1-3bmo rosettes. Eight-fold higher concentrations of fluid phase C3d caused partial inhibition of EAC1-3bmo rosette formation with lymphocytes, but not with other types of murine leukocytes. Thus mouse leukocytes apparently contain the same two types of C receptors as do human and guinea pig leukocytes. Mouse CR1 is specific for a non-C3d region of C3b, (possibly analogous to human C3c) whereas mouse CR2 is specific for both C3d and the C3d region of C3b.
This work was supported by grants from the Swiss National Foundation for Scientific Research, The National Cancer Institute (CA-16190), and The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (AI-10873), Department of Health, Education and Welfare.