We have studied the induction of cytotoxic activity in human peripheral blood lymphocytes by heated allogeneic cells. By separating T and B cells from the responder and stimulator cell populations we found that cytotoxic cells are generated in responder T cell populations by both T and the B stimulator cells.

Rabbit antisera to a membrane glycoprotein complex (33,000 and 27,000 m.w. by SDS-gel electrophoresis) isolated from a human B cell line were utilized to explore further the nature of the effector cells in this type of cytotoxicity. This antiserum, present during the 6-day-culture period, blocked generation of cytotoxic effector cells. Depletion of cells bearing the B cell antigen from the responder cell population by anti-B cell serum and complement (C) eliminated cytotoxicity. Furthermore, heated cell-induced cytotoxicity was blocked by simply pretreating the responder or the stimulator cell populations with anti-B cell serum in the absence of C. Apparently the human lymphocyte that functions as the effector cell in heated cell-induced cytotoxicity bears the Ia-like antigen that might be important in triggering this type of cytotoxicity.

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This work was supported by a grant from the Medical Research Council of Canada.

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