Schistosoma mansoni egg antigens were purified from a heterogeneous mixture of soluble egg antigens (crude SEA) with an immunoaffinity column that consisted of the specific anti-SEA antibodies contained in 16-week S. mansoni-infected mouse serum bound to Sepharose 4B. On sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) gel electrophoresis, the purified antigen fraction yielded at least eight bands staining with Coomassie blue and at least five bands reacting with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS). All of the proteins in the antigenic fraction appear to contain carbohydrate residues. Upon immunoelectrophoresis the antigen yielded four precipitin arcs. The antigenic fraction isolated by means of the immunoaffinity column was then compared to various fractions obtained from concanavalin A (Con A) chromatography of SEA. The results of Ouchterlony immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis indicate that the antigenic fraction isolated by immunoaffinity purification of SEA contains the major antigens found in the fractions obtained from Con A chromatography of SEA. The results of SDS gel electrophoresis indicate that the major PAS-reacting bands of the antigenic fraction isolated by immunoaffinity purification are found in the 3rd peak (bound fraction) resulting from Con A chromatography of SEA, whereas the major Coomassie blue-staining band in the isolated antigenic fraction is found in the 2nd peak (unbound fraction) from Con A chromatography of SEA.
This work was primarily supported by the United States-Japan Cooperative Medical Science Program through National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health United States Public Health Service Grant AI 12996 and in part by United States Public Health Service Grant AI 11289 and the Medical Research Service of the Veterans Administration.