Previous studies have shown that the cell surface expression of thymus leukemia antigen (TL) on ASL-1w leukemia cells varies with the progression of the cells through the growth cycle. Expression of TL is maximal in S phase, and its quantitative expression varies directly with DNA synthesis. In the present study, the effect of anti-TL serum on the growth of ASL-1w cells was examined. The antiserum, tested in the absence of complement, affected the growth of these cells in biphasic manner. When the antiserum concentration was 0.1% or greater, there was a rapid decline in the rate of DNA synthesis, and after 5 to 7 hr, cell death. When the antiserum concentration was 0.067% or less, the decline in the rate of synthesis of DNA did not become apparent until 5 to 6 hr after treatment. Under these conditions, there was approximately a 20% increase in cell number after 24 hr of culture. The hypothesis that treatment of ASL-1w cells with the lesser concentration of anti-TL serum blocks the cells in G2 phase of the cell cycle is discussed.


This work was supported by the American Cancer Society Grant IM 111 and by the National Institutes of Health Grant NCI CA-24914.

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