Spleen cells from young (AKR/J♀ × BALB/c) or (BALB/c♀ × AKR/J)F1 mice can spontaneously generate effector cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), in a 5-day primary in vitro culture, which lyse target cells from AKR/J and BALB/c but not allogeneic mice. These spontaneous CTL responses first appear when spleen cells are taken from F1 mice at 3 to 4 weeks of age, are maximum at about 5 weeks, and have declined by week 7. The fact that these spontaneous CTL responses are never detectable in the spleen cell cultures from any ages of parental AKR/J and BALB/c mice makes them unique properties of the F1 mice.

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This work was supported by National Institutes of Health Grant AI-08795 and American Cancer Society IM-1L.

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