The IgE receptor of human basophils was purified by using simple and repetitive affinity chromatography on human IgE-Sepharose. Basophils were partially purified from peripheral blood of patients with chronic myelogenous or basophilic leukemia. Cells were labeled with 125I by using the lactoperoxidase method and were solubilized with nonionic detergent. Elution of IgE-Sepharose with 0.5 N acetic acid, 1% NP-40 allowed recovery of active IgE receptor. Analysis of human IgE receptor by SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with 10% gels demonstrated one major radioactive peak with an apparent m.w. of 58,000 to 68,000, somewhat larger than rat IgE receptor. The purified human IgE receptor was active since ∼10 to 42% of labeled receptor could specifically rebind to insolubilized human IgE. Rebinding was blocked by nanomolar concentrations of soluble human IgE or rat IgE but not by human or rat IgG, heat-inactivated human IgE, or heat-aggregated human IgG; thus it appears that rat IgE as well as human IgE binds specifically to human IgE receptor. The relative abilities of active rat IgE and active human IgE to inhibit human IgE receptor rebinding could not be precisely determined because of the limitations in assessing the proportion of human IgE that retains receptor-binding activity.

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This work was supported in part by the Centers for Interdisciplinary Research in Immunologic Diseases (CIRID) Grant 1 P50 AI 15322, and Grant 5 T32 GM 7200 from the National Institutes of Health. Part of this work was presented at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Dallas, Texas, in April, 1979.

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