The effect of histamine type 2 (H2) receptor antagonists, cimetidine and ranitidine, on the induction and expression of hapten-specific suppressor T cells was studied. The activity of DNBSO3 -induced suppressor cells was evaluated after adoptive transfer to naive syngeneic recipients. Treatment with cimetidine or ranitidine markedly inhibited suppressor T cell activity in a dose-related manner and enhanced the contact sensitivity response to DNFB. Both H2 antagonists were effective in inhibiting the expression and, to a lesser extent, the induction of suppressor T cells. In contrast, norburimamide , a non-H2 antagonist structurally related to cimetidine, was inactive. The relevance of these findings to the clinical observation of cimetidine-induced reversal of acquired tolerance to dinitrochlorobenzene in anergic patients is discussed.