We describe the generation and characterization of a new monoclonal antibody, A1-3, which possesses two unique properties. First, A1-3 binds selectively to stimulated human monocytes. Secondly, A1-3 inhibits the procoagulant activity expressed by stimulated monocytes and by human brain tissue factor. Unstimulated human peripheral blood cells (granulocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, red blood cells, and platelets), prepared in the absence of detectable endotoxin, express no procoagulant activity and fail to bind A1-3. Stimulation of peripheral blood monocytes. alveolar macrophages, or the monocyte-like cell line U937, however, results in the expression of procoagulant activity and the binding of A1-3. The surface antigen recognized by A1-3 was recovered from endotoxin-stimulated human monocyte vesicles by immune precipitation and demonstrated an apparent m.w. of approximately 52,000. It is proposed that the monoclonal antibody A1-3 detects a differentiation antigen on human monocytes that is expressed in response to stimuli for monocyte activation.

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