Alloreactive, human T cell clones were derived from an HLA-DPw1-specific primed lymphocyte typing cell line by limiting dilution. The specificities of the clones were analyzed with allogeneic stimulator cells and in family segregation studies. One clone, TLC 56.94, recognized some, but not all, DPw1-positive stimulator cells and in two families, failed to proliferate in response to stimulatory cells from DPw1-homozygous individuals. The simplest explanation for these results is that TLC 56.94 recognizes a hybrid alloantigen produced by transcomplementation or transassociation between an element of DPw1 and some other gene product.

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