The in vitro stimulation of mononuclear cells from human peripheral blood with mitogens is known to induce the release of factors (monokines and lymphokines) that possess distinct biologic activities. The present data describe the presence in Con A- and antigen-stimulated T cell supernatants (of man or rat) of a factor able to inhibit, in a dose-dependent manner, the platelet cytotoxicity toward the young larvae of Schistosoma mansoni. The production of oxygen metabolites by IgE-coated platelets, stimulated by anti-IgE or the specific antigen, was, likewise, strongly inhibited by this lymphokine. The producing T lymphocyte subpopulation was identified as OKT 8+. This suppressive lymphokine of platelet functions had an m.w. of 15,000 to 20,000 and a pI of 4.6. It was heat- and acid-stable and sensitive to trypsin and proteinase K, but neuraminidase had no effect on its activity. This platelet suppressive activity was specifically absorbed by platelet membrane, suggesting its action through the binding to a receptor.

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