We have constructed somatic cell hybrids between the murine T cell line BW5147 and cells from patients suffering from T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The obtained hybrid clones were analyzed for expression of human T cell antigens and presence of human chromosomes. T cell hybrids derived from fusion between the BW5147 cell line and bone marrow cells from a patient with pre-T acute lymphoblastic leukemia (TdT+/HLA-DR+/Tp41+/T11+/T1-/T6-/T4-/T8-/T3-) appeared to express the human T cell antigen Tp41, which can be recognized by the monoclonal antibodies 3A1 and WT1. Although this panel of hybrid cells contained all human chromosomes, no other T cell antigens were expressed. Fusion of the BW5147 cell line with peripheral blood cells from a patient with a more mature T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (TdT+/HLA-DR+/Tp41+/T11+/T1+/T6-/T4+/T8+/T3-) resulted in a panel of hybrid clones that expressed not only the Tp41 antigen, but also the human T cell antigens T1 and T4; two hybrids even expressed the T3 antigen. This panel of hybrids also contained the whole human genome. The two panels of human-mouse T cell hybrids allowed us to assign the genes coding for the human T cell antigens Tp41, T1, and T4 to human chromosomes 17, 11, and 12, respectively. Furthermore, these data support our previous suggestion that the expression of human lymphoid differentiation antigens in human-mouse lymphoid hybrids is influenced by the differentiation stage of the fusion partners.