The monoclonal antibody KuFc79 binds to a determinant on the Fc receptors (Fc gamma R) of human leukocytes. We examined the biologic effects of the interaction of this antibody with Fc gamma R on human neutrophils (PMNL). The univalent Fab fragment of KuFc79 inhibits the formation of rosettes with IgG-sensitized sheep erythrocytes by as much as 91.7%. In other experiments in which PMNL were washed after exposure to Fab of KuFc79, phagocytosis of IgG-sensitized sheep erythrocytes was inhibited by 36%. Fab fragments of other mouse IgG2b monoclonal proteins did not have these effects. When PMNL are exposed to coverslips coated with univalent Fab fragments of this antibody, the Fc gamma R are removed from the surface of the PMNL. Under these conditions, rosetting could be inhibited by 85.4%. We examined cross-linking of receptor bound monoclonal antibody or its Fab fragment by either Protein A or F(ab')2 of an anti-mouse Ig. As much as 31.7% of beta-glucuronidase, a marker for lysosomal enzymes, is specifically released by cross-linking the Fc gamma R on PMNL. The generation of O2- is also induced by specifically cross-linking Fc gamma R with Fab and anti-Fab. The data constitute the first formal demonstration that cross-linking of Fc gamma R on PMNL leads to enzyme release and superoxide generation.