Three classes of FcR have been defined on human myeloid cells by their reactivity with mAb; FcRI (mAb 32); FcRII (mAb IV3); and FcRIII (mAb 3G8). We have quantitated the expression of each FcR on human myeloid leukemia cells and cell lines (KG-1, HL-60, U937, and K562). Detailed analysis of FcR surface expression is provided for the U937 cell line after exposure to CSF and cytokines. Increased expression of FcRI and FcRII occurred at 72 h in cells exposed to GCT or Mo cell line-conditioned medium as well as to medium from PHA-treated mononuclear cells. The augmentation of FcRII required protein synthesis and was diminished by a neutralizing antibody to granulocyte-macrophage CSF. We also show that fractions containing natural granulocyte CSF or granulocyte-macrophage CSF as well as r-granulocyte and r-granulocyte-macrophage CSF are capable of inducing FcRII on these cells, whereas other cytokines such as IL-1 and IL-2, TNF-alpha, INF-gamma and macrophages CSF failed to do so.